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Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them. A land surveying professional is called a land surveyor. These points are usually on the surface of the Earth, and they are often used to establish land maps and boundaries for ownership, locations like building corners or the surface location of subsurface features, or other purposes required by government or civil law, such as property sales.

Why do you need a surveyor

The purpose of the survey is for verifying, describing and mapping the boundary lines and improvements of the land. They could include important physical features like power lines, building locations, fence locations, street locations and other improvements relative to the deeded property. A completed survey will locate on the ground what your deed describes on paper with any regulations and zoning that would apply to the land. Other reasons that may require a surveyor include:

  • Possible encroachments such as a neighbors fence could be on your property which could cause bigger issues down the road.
  • Figure out your property line. This is very good to know when putting up a fence, making an addition, or trying to sell your home.
  • Property line disputes
  • Protect your investment


Your local land surveyor will be happy to provide you with a free estimate on surveying your property. Many factors come into play when determining the cost of a survey including the type of survey you require, the type of terrain on the property, and the availability of records and monumentation. Not all surveys will require a map once it’s done. It would reduce the cost to you if all you needed was your property lines flagged and your corners marked. So keep in mind the cost will vary if you need a map once it’s done or if you will only require the field work.